Spring is the season of happiness, celebrate life and adieu autumn. And to celebrate this common reason of upbringing new joy and life, every region celebrates in some distinctive. Similar is the Nowruz, is majorily celebrated across middle east countries like Iran, Kurdish areas of Turkey, Iraq and Syria, and in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, India, Pakistan and Azerbaijian,amongst others. It is the first day of Farvardin, the first month of the Iranian solar calendar. Nowruz is a Persian word made up of words Nava and Ruz meaning new and day respectively.
UNESCO added Nowruz to its Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2009. As per UN, this festival “promotes values of peace and solidarity between generations and within families as well as reconciliation and neighborliness, thus contributing to cultural diversity and friendship among peoples and different communities.”
The festivity celebrations traditionally take place over a two-week period that. Leading up to Nowruz, the house is “shaken” to remove the dirt of the previous year, and broken household items are repaired. On the Eve of Nowruz, bonfire has a cultural importance and a part of ritual wherein family and friends gather under one roof and jump over burning bonfires bursting fire crackers and distribution of sweets. On the eve of Nowuz, a special table set up is done known as Haft Seen which is inclusive of:
• Greenery wherein Wheat, barley or lentil are grown up
• Samanu is a sweet pudding made up of wheat
• Oleaster tree’s dried fruits
• Sumac berries Vinegar
In the region of Afghanistan, people prepare Haft Mewa which comprises of rich dry fruits like Raisin, Senjed, Pistachio, Hazelnut, Prune, the dry fruit of apricot, Walnut and Almond or other species of plum fruits.